MIP51: Monthly Governance Cycle

MIP51: Monthly Governance Cycle


MIP#: 51
Title: Monthly Governance Cycle
Author(s): @LongForWisdom 
Contributors: Charles St.Louis (@CPSTL), Payton Rose (@prose11), Pablo (@Blimpa), @Elihu
Type: General
Status: Accepted
Date Proposed: 2021-04-07
Date Ratified: yyyy-mm-dd
Dependencies: MIP0, MIP16
Replaces: MIP3



Sentence Summary

MIP51 defines a monthly Governance Cycle that provides a predictable framework for Maker governance decisions.

Paragraph Summary

MIP51 defines a monthly Governance Cycle that provides a predictable framework for Maker governance decisions. It replaces the existing Monthly Governance Cycle (MIP3). This new Governance Cycle aims to provide a more efficient and accessible framework for Maker Governance decisions.

Component Summary

MIP51c1: Governance Cycle Breakdown

Breaks the Governance Cycle down into the actions that take place each week of the monthly cycle.

MIP51c2: Ratification Poll

Defines the parameters for a Ratification Poll under the MIPs process.

MIP51c3: Minimum Positive Participation Changes

Defines the process for modifying the Minimum Positive Participation required for Ratification Polls to pass.

MIP51c4: Calendar Exceptions

Defines exceptions to the monthly governance cycle due to holidays.


The new Monthly Governance Cycle has several goals versus the previous monthly governance cycle defined in MIP3.

First, it aims to reduce the cost of participation for governance by reducing the number of votes that take place for each monthly cycle. Many participants expressed frustration over the number of votes required in each cycle, and many simply remained confused as to why multiple votes were required each month.

Second, it aims to increase protocol security by ensuring that only one executive vote is required per week under normal circumstances. It has been observed that the amount of MKR on the hat suffers during weeks where we have multiple executive votes, and this has caused some concern among the Smart Contracts Team.

Third, it aims to remove the possibility of a monthly governance executive failing due to a lack of participation combined with a 4-day executive proposal expiry. This could be a significant setback for the DAOT. Additionally, the difficulty in determining if the executive failed due to lack of participation or opposition would complicate the steps taken after that eventuality.

The proposed monthly governance cycle should resolve these issues and allow the monthly governance cycle to proceed more efficiently, with less of a security risk, and with additional participation.

Additionally, the new Monthly Governance Cycle is less complex and hopefully more clear than the previous version.

Specification / Proposal Details

MIP51c1: Governance Cycle Breakdown

The first Monday of each calendar month marks the beginning of the monthly governance cycle.

Proposals submitted into the Monthly Governance Cycle must follow the guidelines defined in MIP0.

Time is inclusive and based on UTC (Coordinated Universal Time) and the Gregorian calendar

Week 1, Monday

  • MIP Authors move their proposals to Formal Submission (Phase 5 described in MIP0c3). This phase lasts for 3 days.
  • Proposals must be moved into the formal submission subcategory on the MakerDAO forums under the Maker Improvement Proposal category (as defined in Phase 5 in MIP0c3).
  • MIP Editors must be informed by MIP Authors of the status change via commonly used communications channels.

Week 1, Thursday

  • Governance Facilitators perform the Submission Review as part of the weekly Governance and Risk meeting and communicate which of the proposed MIPs are in accordance with guidelines (defined in the MIP0 Framework) and will continue to the Ratification Poll.
  • The Governance Facilitators must come to consensus on whether each submission warrants moving forward to a Ratification Poll.
    • Governance Facilitators may consider blocking a proposal if they believe that moving forward to a Ratification Poll would negatively affect community cohesion.
    • If the Governance Facilitators prevent a proposal from moving to a Ratification Poll, they must clearly communicate their reasons for doing so via the official forum.
    • In the event the Governance Facilitators abuse this power they should be removed from their positions via any method Maker Governance determines is appropriate.

Week 2, Monday

  • The Governance facilitators publish the set of Ratification Polls. The format of these is defined in MIP51c2.
  • Ratification Polls are published to the community github, submitted on-chain and appear on the official voting portal.

Week 4, Monday

  • The Ratification polls conclude, and each proposal or set of proposals is marked as either Accepted or Rejected by the MIP Editors.

Week 4, Thursday

  • The Governance Facilitators do a Governance Cycle Review as part of the weekly Governance and Risk meeting in which they summarize and discuss the Governance Cycle with the community.
  • The Governance Facilitators also discuss the upcoming governance cycle and potential submissions with the community.

Governance Cycle Overview

MIP51c2: Ratification Poll

Ratification Polls under the monthly governance cycle must meet these requirements:

  • Duration: 2 weeks
  • Minimum Positive Participation: 10,000 MKR
  • Type: Binary poll (yes/no/abstain)

Ratification Polls under the monthly governance cycle must contain:

  • Links to a specific version of a single proposal or set of related proposals (MIP Set) within the official MIPs GitHub.
  • The Sentence and Paragraph summaries of each included proposal.

In order for a Ratification Poll to conclude successfully and the contained proposal(s) move to Accepted status, each of the following conditions must be true:

  • Yes vote-weight must exceed No vote-weight when the poll closes.
  • Yes vote-weight must exceed the Minimum Positive Participation value of 10,000 MKR when the poll closes.

MIP51c3: Minimum Positive Participation Changes

The Minimum Positive Participation value defined in MIP51c2 may be modified via a successful polling vote under the weekly governance cycle (MIP16).

If such a vote is successful, the MIP Editors will update MIP51c2 and the change will come into effect in the following monthly governance cycle.

The Minimum Positive Participation value may not be changed for Ratification Polls that are in progress under any circumstances.

MIP51c4: Calendar Exceptions

Due to the multitude of cultural and religious holidays occurring in and around the month of December, there will be no monthly governance cycle in the December of each year.


Just a reminder that it would be good to get feedback on this. This is a fairly wide-reaching change to how we do governance each month. If you have opinions I’d love to hear them.


When do executive votes happen? And how does this interact with the new delegation and governance module?

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Executive Votes for MIPs no longer take place under this framework. When DssGov is deployed (or another governance upgrade that allows us to have multiple executives live at once), we can revisit this, and re-add the requirement for an executive (or potentially replace the current polls and go straight to executive.)

The new delegation contract will be enabled to work for on-chain polls as well as executives, so delegates will be able to vote in Ratification Polls, as well as in weekly executive votes.

Really like this new format. I always wondered why this should end with an executive vote in the first place. Reduced the amount of voting rounds from 3 to 1. Great success :slight_smile:

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Moving to Formal Submission for the May monthly governance cycle. @MIP-Editors